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喜歡在地上打滾的 Rails Developer

查 Postgres 的 index 使用情况

一般來說,打了 index 都會想看成效,使用的情況如何,在 postgreSQL 內可以直接下這行指令

SELECT * FROM pg_stat_user_indexes;

就可以拿到完整的資料去分析每個 index 的使用情況。

SELECT * FROM pg_stat_user_indexes;

 relid | indexrelid | schemaname |  relname   |      indexrelname       | idx_scan | idx_tup_read | idx_tup_fetch
-------+------------+------------+------------+-------------------------+----------+--------------+---------------
 16454 |      16491 | public     | categories | categories_pkey         |        0 |            0 |             0
 16463 |      16493 | public     | customers  | customers_pkey          |        0 |            0 |             0
 16470 |      16495 | public     | inventory  | inventory_pkey          |        0 |            0 |             0
 16478 |      16497 | public     | orders     | orders_pkey             |        0 |            0 |             0
 16484 |      16499 | public     | products   | products_pkey           |        0 |            0 |             0
 16458 |      16501 | public     | cust_hist  | ix_cust_hist_customerid |        0 |            0 |             0
 16463 |      16502 | public     | customers  | ix_cust_username        |        0 |            0 |             0
 16478 |      16503 | public     | orders     | ix_order_custid         |        0 |            0 |             0
 16473 |      16504 | public     | orderlines | ix_orderlines_orderid   |        0 |            0 |             0
 16484 |      16505 | public     | products   | ix_prod_category        |        0 |            0 |             0
 16484 |      16506 | public     | products   | ix_prod_special         |        0 |            0 |             0
(11 rows)

值得注意的是,有些數據為 0 並不代表真的沒用到,因為

  • unique 也是一種 index
  • primary key 也是一種 index

參考資料

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